where tennis elbow

Where Tennis Elbow: A Comprehensive Guide


Greetings, readers! Welcome to this in-depth exploration into the enigmatic condition known as tennis elbow. Whether you’re a seasoned athlete or simply curious about this common ailment, we’ll delve into the anatomy, causes, symptoms, and treatment options to provide you with a comprehensive understanding.

Understanding Tennis Elbow

Lateral Epicondylitis: The Medical Term

Tennis elbow, also known medically as lateral epicondylitis, is a condition caused by inflammation of the tendons that attach to the outside of the elbow. These tendons help you extend your wrist and fingers, making them essential for activities involving gripping, lifting, and forehand swings in tennis.

Anatomy of the Tennis Elbow

To understand tennis elbow, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the anatomy involved. The tendons that become inflamed are called the extensor carpi radialis brevis and extensor carpi ulnaris. They originate from the forearm muscles and attach to the lateral epicondyle, a bony protrusion on the outer side of the elbow.

Causes of Tennis Elbow

Overuse and Repetitive Motions

The most common cause of tennis elbow is overuse of the wrist extensor muscles. This can occur during activities such as tennis, painting, carpentry, and weightlifting. Repetitive motions that involve gripping or forceful extension of the wrist can strain the tendons and lead to inflammation.

Lack of Flexibility and Strength

Insufficient flexibility and strength in the wrist and forearm muscles can contribute to tennis elbow. Weak muscles can struggle to stabilize the joint during movements, putting extra stress on the tendons. Limited flexibility can restrict the range of motion, increasing the likelihood of strain.

Age and Genetics

Age and genetics may also play a role in developing tennis elbow. As we age, our tendons tend to become less elastic and more susceptible to injury. Certain genetic predispositions can also make individuals more prone to developing the condition.

Symptoms of Tennis Elbow

Pain on the Outer Elbow

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The most prominent symptom of tennis elbow is pain on the outside of the elbow, especially around the lateral epicondyle. This pain may worsen with activities that involve wrist extension or gripping.

Stiffness and Reduced Range of Motion

Inflammation in the tendons can cause stiffness and reduced range of motion in the wrist and elbow. You may experience difficulty lifting objects, turning a doorknob, or performing other daily tasks that require wrist extension.

Numbness or Tingling

In some cases, tennis elbow can cause numbness or tingling in the fingers and hands. This occurs when the inflammation affects nearby nerves, which can send abnormal signals to the extremities.

Treatment Options for Tennis Elbow

Conservative Treatment

In most cases, tennis elbow can be effectively treated with conservative measures:

  • Rest: Avoid activities that aggravate the pain.
  • Ice: Apply ice packs to the affected area to reduce inflammation.
  • Stretching: Gently stretch the wrist and forearm muscles to improve flexibility.
  • Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can guide you through exercises to strengthen the muscles and improve range of motion.
  • Medication: Over-the-counter pain relievers or anti-inflammatory medications can help reduce pain and inflammation.


If conservative treatment fails to provide relief, injections may be considered.

  • Corticosteroid Injections: Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory medications that can be injected into the affected area to decrease inflammation and pain.
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections: PRP injections involve injecting a patient’s own blood plasma into the injured area. This plasma contains growth factors that can promote healing and tissue regeneration.


Surgery is rarely necessary for tennis elbow but may be considered if other treatments have not been successful. The goal of surgery is to remove the damaged portion of the tendon and repair the surrounding tissues.

Recovery and Prevention

Recovery Timeline

Recovery from tennis elbow varies depending on the severity of the condition and the individual’s response to treatment. Most people experience significant improvement within a few weeks to months. However, it’s important to note that recovery can take longer in some cases.


Preventing tennis elbow is crucial to maintaining healthy elbows. Here are some tips:

  • Warm up before exercising: Warm up your forearm and wrist muscles before engaging in any activity that puts stress on those areas.
  • Stretch regularly: Stretch your wrist and forearm muscles to improve flexibility and prevent stiffness.
  • Use proper technique: Ensure you use the correct technique when lifting weights or performing activities that require wrist extension.
  • Avoid overuse: Don’t push your body too hard, especially when you’re first starting a new activity. Gradually increase the intensity and duration of your workouts to allow your muscles and tendons time to adapt.
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Related Conditions and Differential Diagnosis

Lateral Epicondylitis vs. Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer’s Elbow)

Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) affects the outside of the elbow, while medial epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow) affects the inside of the elbow. Both conditions involve inflammation of the tendons that attach to the epicondyles, but they occur on different sides of the elbow.

Other Conditions

Other conditions that can mimic tennis elbow include:

  • Radial tunnel syndrome
  • Cubital tunnel syndrome
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • De Quervain’s tenosynovitis
  • Cervical radiculopathy

Differential Diagnosis

To accurately diagnose tennis elbow, your doctor will examine your elbow, assess your symptoms, and perform specific tests. These tests may include:

  • Palpation: The doctor will feel for tenderness or swelling on the lateral epicondyle.
  • Resisted wrist extension: The doctor will ask you to resist as they extend your wrist. If this maneuver causes pain, it may indicate tennis elbow.
  • Tinel’s sign: The doctor will tap on the affected nerve to see if it causes tingling or numbness, which may suggest nerve involvement.


Tennis elbow is a common condition that can affect people of all ages and activity levels. Understanding the anatomy, causes, symptoms, and treatment options is crucial for managing this condition effectively. By following the advice presented in this article and consulting with a healthcare professional if necessary, you can improve your chances of a successful recovery and prevent future flare-ups.

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Additional info about "where tennis elbow"

What causes tennis elbow?

Tennis elbow is caused by overuse of the muscles that extend the wrist and hand. These muscles are used to make a backhand stroke in tennis and other activities.

Who is at risk for tennis elbow?

Tennis elbow is most common in people who play tennis, but it can also occur in people who do other activities that involve repetitive use of the wrist and hand, such as painting, carpentry, or knitting.

What are the symptoms of tennis elbow?

The main symptom of tennis elbow is pain on the outside of the elbow. The pain may be worse when you extend or bend your wrist or grip an object.

How is tennis elbow diagnosed?

Tennis elbow is diagnosed with a physical examination. Your doctor will check for pain and swelling on the outside of your elbow and may ask you to perform certain movements to see if they cause pain.

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How is tennis elbow treated?

Tennis elbow is usually treated with rest, ice, and pain medication. Your doctor may also recommend physical therapy to help strengthen the muscles around your elbow. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the injured tendon.

How can I prevent tennis elbow?

To prevent tennis elbow, it is important to warm up before playing tennis or doing other activities that involve repetitive use of the wrist and hand. You should also take breaks during these activities to give your muscles a chance to rest.

What is the prognosis for tennis elbow?

Most people with tennis elbow recover with treatment. However, it can take several months for the pain to go away completely.

Are there any complications of tennis elbow?

In rare cases, tennis elbow can lead to chronic pain, weakness, and stiffness in the elbow.

What is the difference between tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow?

Tennis elbow and golfer’s elbow are both caused by overuse of the muscles around the elbow. However, tennis elbow affects the tendons that extend the wrist and hand, while golfer’s elbow affects the tendons that flex the wrist and hand.

What is the best way to treat tennis elbow at home?

There are a few things you can do to treat tennis elbow at home, including:

  • Resting the affected elbow
  • Applying ice to the elbow
  • Taking over-the-counter pain medication
  • Doing exercises to strengthen the muscles around the elbow