what is tennis technique

What is Tennis Technique? A Comprehensive Guide for Players of All Levels


Welcome to our in-depth exploration of tennis technique, an essential aspect of the game that separates great players from the rest. Whether you’re a beginner looking to improve your basics or an experienced player seeking to refine your skills, this article will provide you with a comprehensive understanding of what constitutes proper tennis technique.

The Foundation of Tennis Technique

Grip: The grip you use determines your ability to control the racket and impart spin on the ball. Four main grips are widely used: Eastern, Semi-Western, Western, and Continental. Choosing the right grip is crucial for maximizing power, accuracy, and comfort.

Stance: Your stance establishes a balanced and stable base from which to execute shots. A split-step and weight distribution are key elements of an effective stance, allowing you to move quickly and generate power when striking the ball.

Essential Strokes and Tactics


The forehand is one of the most important strokes in tennis. It is typically hit with an open stance and a dominant topspin technique, giving players control, depth, and the ability to attack the ball.


The backhand is the other fundamental stroke in tennis. It can be hit with either a one-handed or two-handed grip. The two-handed backhand is preferred for consistency and power, while the one-handed backhand offers greater finesse and versatility.

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The serve is the only shot in tennis where the player has complete control over the ball. It is essential for gaining an advantage at the start of each point. Proper technique involves a fluid and controlled motion, generating both power and accuracy.

The Importance of Footwork

Footwork is paramount in tennis technique. It allows players to move quickly and efficiently around the court, enabling them to reach the ball in time and execute shots with the correct balance and power.

Mental and Emotional Aspects of Tennis Technique

Concentration and Focus

Tennis requires intense concentration and focus to execute shots accurately and make quick decisions on court. Maintaining focus under pressure is essential for success.

Discipline and Routine

Discipline and routine are crucial for improving tennis technique. Consistent practice, drills, and match play help develop muscle memory and improve coordination, leading to more efficient and effective shot execution.

Understanding Tennis Technique through a Comprehensive Table

Aspect of Technique Key Points
Grip Choose a grip that suits your hand size, playing style, and shot preferences.
Stance Maintain a balanced stance with proper weight distribution and split-step movement.
Forehand Develop a fluid technique with an open stance and topspin to generate power and control.
Backhand Choose between a one-handed or two-handed grip based on your comfort and shot type.
Serve Master a controlled and fluid motion to generate both power and accuracy.
Footwork Practice quick and efficient footwork to reach the ball in time and execute shots with balance and power.
Concentration and Focus Develop intense focus and concentration to execute shots accurately and make quick decisions on court.


Understanding and mastering tennis technique is a journey that requires patience, practice, and dedication. This article has provided an in-depth analysis of the various aspects that constitute proper technique. By embracing these principles and incorporating them into your game, you can elevate your performance, enjoy the game more, and achieve your tennis goals.

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If you’re looking to further enhance your understanding of tennis, check out our other articles on strategy, equipment, and mental preparation. Together, these resources will empower you to become a more informed and successful tennis player.

Additional info about tennis technique

1. Grip

Answer: The grip is how the player holds the racket. There are different types of grips, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The most common grip is the Eastern grip, which is held with the palm facing the net and the thumb on the back of the racket.

2. Stance

Answer: The stance is the player’s position when they are ready to hit the ball. The stance should be balanced and comfortable, with the feet shoulder-width apart and the knees slightly bent.

3. Swing

Answer: The swing is the motion of the racket as the player hits the ball. The swing should be smooth and controlled, with the racket head moving through the ball in a fluid motion.

4. Follow-through

Answer: The follow-through is the motion of the racket after the ball has been hit. The follow-through should be smooth and controlled, with the racket head finishing above the player’s head.

5. Footwork

Answer: Footwork is the movement of the player’s feet as they move around the court. Good footwork is essential for getting into position to hit the ball and for recovering after hitting the ball.

6. Shot selection

Answer: Shot selection is the decision of what type of shot to hit in a given situation. The player should choose the shot that will give them the best chance of winning the point.

7. Mental game

Answer: The mental game is the ability to stay focused and mentally tough during a match. The player should be able to control their emotions and stay positive, even when things are not going their way.

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8. Strategy

Answer: Strategy is the overall plan that the player has for a match. The player should consider their opponent’s strengths and weaknesses and develop a game plan that will give them the best chance of winning.

9. Physical conditioning

Answer: Physical conditioning is the player’s level of fitness. The player should be able to run, jump, and hit the ball for extended periods of time.

10. Tennis drills

Answer: Tennis drills are specific exercises that can help the player improve their technique. There are many different types of drills, each with its own purpose.